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What is Manga?

Literally silly words, manga are Japanese graphic novels analogous to the American comic book. Unlike the comic book, however, nearly all manga are black and white, with perhaps a few color sections added for effect. Whereas comic books tend to come out on a monthly basis with one episode to a volume, manga tend to contain several episodes in each volume, which results in the average manga being roughly two hundred pages long, per volume.
Due to the mode of reading Japanese, manga read right to left, and top to bottom. This is an exact mirror image of the way comic books read, but is not hard to adjust to. In much the same way that companies are subtitling or dubbing anime to release to fans in English-speaking countries, several companies are releasing English versions of manga with the dialog and text notes translated, but the art intact. This is an enormous boon to fans, but it is sadly the case that these editions can actually go out of print before the Japanese version. To facilitate reading by English-speaking fans, these translated manga are often mirror-imaged so that the flow of the action is left-right rather than right-left.

What is Anime?

Anime is not a Japanese word. It's a french word for of course animation. The Japanese use is for the simple fact that its an easy way in saying Japanamation or Japanimation or Japanese Animation. Another reason they use Anime is cause the french were the first to dubb the Japanese Animation, in another language.
from Japanamation Station

In brief, anime is the word for Japanese animation. It has come to refer to the Japanese animation industry, and the products thereof. The scope of anime is much greater than that of cartoons in the United States or other similar nations; it is more comparable to the scope of the Hollywood movie industry in terms of breadth of subject matter. There are anime targeted at all age groups, from little kids' programming to full adult movies and OVA's, and everything in between. Some of the more cultur-neutral childrens' anime have made substantial inroads in the United States after being dubbed and frequently appear in such places as Nickelodeon's Nick Jr. programming block. Dubbing has also brought several older-kids' anime series to the after-school cartoon scene, including _Thundercats_, _Silverhawks_, and the famous _Robotech_. In general, however, the amount of anime that has been visible in mainstream America represents a nearly insignicant fraction of the totality of anime, and certainly does not represent the pinnacle of anime excellence.
The bulk of the anime pursued by the fans seems to be targeted at the high school and college age crowd, though this is a general average. There are numerous television series, Original Video Animations (OVA's), and outright movies falling into this category. There are many reasons why fans tend to congregate around certain well-known anime, but some of the more prevalent concerns seem to be cuteness, plot depth, character design, and hentai factor. Of these, cute seems to be the most popular concern. The nice thing about anime is that, being that its scope is so wide, there are anime which hit all these bases well.

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